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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

correspondents in Moscow, unwittingly established beyond doubt that the
London Government was accepted by the mass of people in the Polish
capital; and they had, in fact, raised an insurrection at its order. By
blaming first Sosnkowski and then Bor, the two Soviet agents confirmed
that it was to these leaders that the Polish people looked for guidance.
The bewilderment of the foreign correspondents at that Press Con-
ference was shared by the world, and listening to such statements as these,
as one of the independent British newspapers wrote,
** We may be pardoned the assumption that forces are at work which do
not want a settlement, except such as would mean the complete elimination
of the Polish Government. The rival Polish authorities,, so far from pur-
suing convergent paths, are drifting further apart, and this despite the sincere
and patient efforts of the Polish Government in London to pour oil on the
troubled waters and to remove from office personalities unacceptable to
Moscow and to the * Committee of National Liberation.' The British and
Allied Governments, in their search for Polish harmony, seem now to be
faced with an all but hopeless task."
But it was not merely a question of Polish harmony, as the writer of
the above article viewed the affair., it was a question of British-Russian
harmony. Poland was only one of the fields where the Soviets intended
to gain full power and eliminate the British influence.
There was no concealing the fact that the hours of dying Warsaw were
numbered. General Bor's communiques grew more brief with each
passing day.
" Every day brings thousands of fresh victims,," wrote General Bor in
his report to London. <s The cellars of the destroyed houses are graveyards
of thousands of people buried alive.
" The self-control of the civilian population in face of an appalling ordeal
and the assistance given by it to our armed forces is making our stand
possiblej but the sufferings of the civilian population are surpassing
imagination.
66 It is being decimated by bombing and weakened by starvation and lack
of water. It lives mostly in cellars.
" Some parts of the city are so destroyed and so covered with debris that
it is impossible to tell where the streets formerly ran/5
The Home Delegate and Vice-Premier reported on September 21 :
" Warsaw lies in ruins . . . The enemy is systematically smashing down
street after street with artillery fire and air bombardment. Tens of
thousands of people have literally lost everything ... Because of the ceaseless
firing and bombings even people whose homes have so far been spared are
sheltering in the cellars . . . They do not go out into the street3 as the streets
are under fire^ but move about by a complicated, skilfully designed system
of communicating cellars under tie streets and tie courtyards. There has
been no light for a long time, the watermains are damaged^ many wells have
been dug^ but there is a shortage of water^ and food> bread;, flour and fat.
There is still a little sugar.
"... It is impossible to get out of the town. The sick3 continually
being brought from the shattered hospitals in Praga, are in a dreadful
condition ....
" For seven weeks with a minimum amount of supplies dropped by you,
319